Location and Boundaries
Bacarra is situated at the center of the western side of Ilocos Norte. It is about 495 kilometers north of Manila and seven kilometers north of Laoag City, the capital of the province. The town is bounded by Laoag City on the south, by Vintar on the east, Pasuquin on the north, and the China sea on the west.
It is traversed by the cemented national highway that links the town to Manila and Cagayan Valley. Hence the people can easily avail themselves of the services of the different buses plying between Bacarra and Laoag and from Laoag to the northern towns of the province, Manila and Cagayan and Apayao. Properly maintained feeder roads and wooden or cemented bridges connect the barangays to the poblacion or the national highway. This makes it easy for small buses, jeepneys and motorized tricycles to reach even the remotest barangay in the town. Hence, transportation is not problem of the people of Bacarra.
Land Area and Topography
Bacarra occupies a land area of about 6,550.50 hectares. It holds third rank, after Laoag City and Batac, in size of urban area (1.45 square kilometers). The major portion of its land area is cultivated and planted with various agricultural crops the whole year round.
The eastern part of the town consists of rolling terrain, while the western side has arrow strips of flat land. The central part is basically similar to the western part, which gradually rises up to the eastern boundary with moderate elevation of 50 to 150 feet above sea level. Low hills, with fine timbers, run northward on the eastern side of Bacarra.
The eastern part of the municipality has a clay loam soil, while the western side is generally sandy.
Bacarra experiences two different seasons, wet season from May to October and dry season from November to April. June, July and August are the wettest months. The average annual temperature is about 27.5C. The warmest period is between April and June, while the coldest season is from December to February.
One main river, the Bacarra-Vintar River, flows into the China Sea, and several brooks and creeks traverse the different parts of the town. These are the harnessed by the people for irrigation. However, their water supply weakens during the dry season, so that only those at the upper stream are benefited.
The poblacion (town proper), which is about seven kilometers north of Laoag City and situated along the north bank of the Bacarra-Vintar River, is rectangular. The eastern and the western portions of the southern side of the town proper is eroded yearly by the Bacarra-Vintar River when it overflows its banks during the rainy season. This prompted the local government to construct a river control, which lessens the erosion.
There is only one main street, the Rizal Street that stretches from east to west across the town proper. Minor streets are named in honor of the officials who served the town. The zoning plan follows the block system. A steel bridge, spanning the narrowest portion of the Bacarra-Vintar River, is at the eastern approach of the poblacion and is linked with the main street.
The poblacion houses the municipal hall, public plaza, churches, public theater, private and public school buildings, public market, health centers and business establishments.
The municipality has 43 barangays, 18 of which constitute the poblacion. The barangays in the poblacion are the following: Sta. Rita, Brgy. # 1; San Andres, Brgy.#2 & 3; San Simon, Brgy. #4 & 5; San Pedro, Brgy. # 6 & 7; San Agustin, Brgy. # 8 & 9; San Vicente, Brgy. # 10; Sta. Filomena, Brgy.# 11 & 12; San Gabriel, Brgy.#l3 & l4; San Roque, Brgy. # 15 & 16; Santo Cristo, Brgy. #l7 & 18. The 25 barangays outside the town are the following: Bani, Cabusligan, Buyon, Cabaruan, Cabulalaan, Cadaratan, Calioet-Libong, Casilian, Corocor, Curarig, Duripes, Ganagan, Libtong, Macupit, Nambaran, Natba, Paninaan, Pasngal, Pipias, Pulangi, Pungto, Sangil, Tambidao, Teppang and Tubburan.