A. BASIC SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE
1. General Information
Bacarra is an agricultural town laid at the northwestern part center of the Province of Ilocos Norte within the coordinates of 120° 36’31.42” to 120°45’37” latitude and 18° 15’ 31.42” to 18°17’55” longitude. It is bounded on the north by the Municipality of Pasuquin, on the east by the Municipality of Vintar, on the West by the South China Sea and on the south by the City of Laoag.
It has a distance of 495 kilometers from Manila 280 kilometers from San Fernando, La Union and 15 kilometers from the Laoag International Airport and 8 km. north of the City proper.
The Municipality has a total land area of 6,550.57 hectares based from the records of the Bureau of Land and approved Comprehensive Land Use Plan.
c. Political Subdivision
The municipality is composed of 43 barangays wherein, 18 are located in the poblacion and 25 in the rural areas. Table 1 shows the names of the 43 barangays with their corresponding political heads. Table 1, Name of Barangays & Political Heads
2. Human Resources
a. Population Level
Bacarra has a total estimated population of 32,530 for the current year 2010. Wherein Brgy. #21 Libtong has the largest population of 1,584 followed by barangays; Cabaruan and Buyon (1,397), Cadaratan (1,282), Pasiocan (1,210), Cabusligan (1,178), Pipias (1,097), Sta. Rita (1,106), Sangil (999) and Nambaran and Duripes (945).
b. Population Growth Rate
The 2007 mid-censal survey growth rate of Bacarra is 0.82%. Assuming the rate is maintained, the municipality is expected to double its population within 84 years.
c. Population Density
Considering a population of 32,530 and a land area of 6,550.57 hectares, the population density of the municipality is about five (5) persons per hectare.
d. Urban-Rural Population Distribution
The population distribution occurred in the municipality as of mid- censual year was estimated to be 30% in the urban areas and 70% in the rural areas.
Estimates of population distribution can be obtained from Table 2, Population, Area & Density by Barangay
Ilocano is the commonly used dialect in the municipality. It is spoken by 98.18% of the total populace. Other residents used other languages or dialects such as Tagalog, Ibanag, Pangasinense, Apayao, etc., which constitute the remaining percentage. However, Tagalog and English are the medium of instruction in different educational institutions.
f. Religious Sects
Roman Catholic is the most widely embraced religion in the municipality with a total of 67.26% from the 7,590 total household populations and the remaining belong to other religion beliefs or sects. Table 3, Religious Sect
g. Labor Force
Bacarra has a labor force of 22,100 or 61.90% of the total household population. 55.64% are employed while 42.48% are not. The tables below present the breakdown of the labor population by different kinds of employment and number of workers under each category. Table 4, Labor Force
3. Physical and Natural Resources
The terrain of the municipality especially in the western part is predominantly a flat low land of approximately five to 3 to 10 meters above sea level. The central part is basically the same as the western part, which gradually rises up to the eastern boundary with moderate hills of an elevation of 15 to 100 meters above sea level.
Generally, about 80% of the total land area has 0 to 8% slope. While 15% has 8 to 18% slope and 5% have 18 to 50% slopes.
Bacarra has two pronounced seasons. The wet seasons this usually comes in late May and continues until October. The dry season comprised the rest of the year. The wettest months are from June to August while the driest months are from February through April. The average temperature is 25-27°C and its relative humidity is 75.55%. The warmest months are from April to June, while the coolest months come on December to February.
The soil types of the municipality include Bungon clay, Gapan clay, Paratong sandy loam, Peñaranda clay and clay loam, Baligat, Bantay and Binsang clay.
d. Forest Resources
As of today, the municipality doesn’t have forest reserve or public forest. All lands are classified as alienable and disposal and agricultural land with topographical elevation up to 18% slopes. This land is covered with bamboos, forest trees and economical trees.
e. Agricultural Resources
The municipality is endowed with wide and fertile agricultural land. It is consist of about 4,412.55 hectares and divided into cropland, tree farm, piggery/poultry and fishpond.
f. Bodies of Water
Inventory of bodies of water includes 16 creeks, and the Bacarra River. It covers an area of 1,486.82 hectares.
g. Mineral Resources
The only known existing abundant mineral in the municipality is its huge deposit of gravel and sands along the banks of Bacarra River. It is a non-metallic mineral.
4. Socio-Economic Activities
At present, almost 70% of the total population derived their income from agricultural products. Status of agricultural production can be obtained in the table below. Table 5, Status of Agricultural Production
Industrial activities are reflected as small/backyard type, and family or cooperative/group based. These include metallurgy, hollow blocks making, candy and ice cream making, wood working, garment craft, meat processing and food preservation, goldsmith, and ice making.
c. Commerce and Services, Industries
Commercial entities include 27 grocery stores, 401 sari-sari stores, 5 pharmacies and 23 merchandisers of agricultural inputs. Industries are limited to bakery, meat and food processing, noodle and snack factory, garments craft, rice milling, lumber yard, ice making, furnicraft, goldsmith, metal craft and welding shops.
Service facilities includes car care services, motor repair shops, vulcanizing shops, bank, barber and beauty shops, eateries, telephone toll agent, gasoline stations, cooperatives, lending investors, academic services and contractors.
d. Infrastructure and Utilities
(a) Road Network
Bacarra has total road network of 357.947 kilometers. About 37.10% are concrete, 1.44% asphalt, 8.38% earthen and 53.08% remained graveled. Status of the roads by administration is shown below. Table 6, Status of Road Network
The Municipality has 76-recorded bridges which exclude the bridges of Bacarra River, Bangsirit, Tambidao, Duripes, Macupit, and Tamucalao. Hanging bridges are also found in Barangay #22 Bani, #24 Macupit, #26 Teppang, #32 Corocor, #27 Duripes and #23, Paninaan and two hanging bridges each in Barangay #25 Tubburan and #33 Cabulalaan.
There are almost 1,320 motorized tricycle and more than 140 passenger jeepneys plying route within the territorial limit of Bacarra. At least 4 Bus Lines who has station in the Municipality are destined in Isabela and Manila.
(2) Waterworks and Sewerage Systems
At present, the Ilocos Norte Water District is serving about 3,705 concessionaires in the municipality. Service areas include Barangays Cadaratan, Cabusligan, Pungto, Cabulalaan, Buyon, Pipias, Corocor, Pasiocan, Cabaruan, Pipias and the 18 Poblacion Barangays.
For agricultural support, the 43-zanjera associations serving about 3,000 hectares of land are maintaining 32 irrigation canals.
Some water wastes in the poblacion usually flow to the existing drainage canals whose terminals are located far from the residential areas.
At present, the Ilocos Norte Electric Cooperative, Inc. is the sole franchiser of the National Power Corporation in the Province. Electrification in the locality is 100% and 98.69% of the total houses of Bacarra was served by the cooperative.
Communication systems in the municipality include the telegraph services of the Bureau of Telecommunication, the postal services of Philippine Postal Corporation, ground to line communication system of the Philippine Long Distance Telephone Systems and the Digitel Communication, and the Smart Telecom, Globe Telecom and Sun Cell Telecom.
(5) Other Utilities
Other utilities include farm machineries, warehouse, rice mills and road equipments. All were privies except the later.
e. Social Services
There are 23 public and 2 private elementary schools, three (3) secondary, and one (1) tertiary that offer formal education in the municipality. It is currently observed that the teacher-pupil ratio is very minimal, 1:20 and 1:35 in elementary and secondary level, respectively.
(2) Vital, Health and Nutrition
Health services are provided by the LGU in the Rural Health Center and at the five Barangay Health Stations. It has also two personnel service vehicles and one ambulance for faster delivery of services.
From the vital statistics records of the year, the total number of birth had reached 324 and with a total number of deaths of 169 to include one maternal and one infant deaths.
(3) Social Welfare Services
Two administrative personnel and 35-Day Care Workers administer the social welfare services. Services rendered include counseling, capital assistance, extending aid to individual in crisis, family welfare program and day care services.
(4) Protective Services
The total strength of the Philippine National Police in the Municipality is composed of Sixteen (19) personnel including the officer and one (1) non-uniformed personnel.
PNP facilities include a jailroom, administrative room, communication room and two Police Patrol Jeeps, one motorcycle with sidecar and one solo motorcycle.
Tourism industry in the municipality is basically well-known in the past. From the remnants of Hispanic structures up to the scenic coastal shore, Bacarra was identified as tourism area in the north. Perhaps, the climatic condition and it is proximity to the city had made it possible.
The following are the existing man-made and natural tourist attractions within the municipality:
(1) Roman Catholic Church
The Bacarra Church and Convent is situated at the center of the town. Constructed together with the Tower and Convent by the Spanish Augustinian Friars in 1593 and inaugurated in 1782. Some of its unique features are the dungeons, the convent ruins, and the secret garden.
Destroyed by the intensity 7.8 earthquake on August 17, 1983.
Reconstructed through the generous auspices of German Catholic Benefactors and the kind people of Bacarra and friends under the administration of Very Rev. Gil A. Albano Jr. Parish Priest and Episcopal Vicar of the North and Most Rev. Edmundo M. Abaya, D.D. Bishop of Laoag.
The Church was inaugurated on August 17, 1984.
Under Presidential Decree No. 165, the Bacarra Church was declared as a National Shrine in the Philippines.
(2) Bacarra Bell Tower
The Bacarra Bell Tower is located at the right side of the Roman Catholic Church.
Constructed under the supervision of Fr. Pedro Berger, church priest from 1828 to 1848.
It was built in 1830’s and made up of coral blocks and stocco with an original height of fifty (50) meters and a three (3) storey with a wall of five (5) meters thickness. The earthquake wrecked it in 1931, which had caused the top most portions to tilt a little sideward on the right.
The August 17, 1983 earthquake had caused the total fall down of the dome and it became popularly known as “THE DOMELESS DIGNIFIED BELLTOWER OF ASIA”. It was featured many times in prints representing Ilocos in the Department of Tourism fliers.
The tower serves not only as a tourist attraction but also as a historical landmark of the painful sacrifices of the ancestors of the Bacarreños who rendered forced labor under the Spanish conquerors.
(3) Bacarra Secret Garden
The garden can be found within the area of the Roman Catholic Church. The cathedral garden is the ruins of the old dungeons. It is cover grown with green plants covering every possible nook and cranny.
(4) Bacarra Town Plaza
The town plaza is located infront of the Municipal Building with an area of one (1) hectare. It has a wide playground equipped with tennis court, children’s park, videoke bar and a mini forest that serves as a potential tourist spot and recreation center.
(5) Paninaan Small Water Impounding Dam
The Paninaan Small Water Impounding Dam is an earthfill crest dam with a reservoir area of 4 hectares. It is potential in fishing and recreational activities.
(6) Natba Beach
The Natba Beach is a natural tourist attraction located at Brgy. #36 Natba and about four (4) kilometers away from the poblacion and serves as a fishing port and tourism area with its rich fishing ground and tourist attractions. It is also good for water sports like surfing and skiing. The existing facilities include municipal picnic shed with shower room and cottage.
(7) Ruins of the Vijia Watchtower
The Watchtower is a 17th century structure located in Bgy. 36, Natba. The watchtower was used / served to guard the coastline against pirates during the old times.
This tower symbolizes Bacarreños ancestor's great love and loyalty to their town.
(8) Calioet – Libong Beach
Calioet – Libong Beach is located at Brgy. #31 Calioet – Libong and like the Natba Beach it also serves as another tourist spot. Facilities that can be found include municipal picnic shed with shower room and barangay picnic sheds. Private cottages are also present within the area.
5. Investment Potentials
a. Selected Industries
Considering that agriculture is the dominant economic activity in the area, processing of agricultural inputs and outputs is viable and feasible. The existing industries include bamboo furniture making, meat and fish processing, metal crafts, construction materials processing and garments crafts.
B. PEACE AND ORDER
During the year under review, the Municipality of Bacarra has maintained its environment/surroundings peacefully and orderly. The adherence of the Local Chief Executive to prevent illegal gamblings has been strictly implemented. The holdings of monthly Municipal Peace and Order Council meetings have played important roles in this maintenance process. Table 13, PNP Crime Statistics
See also : 2010 Municipal Profile